Does my child require special education?

There are signs that will indicate if your child needs special education services.  Two of them are:  


- They are having difficulty in school.

- They are anxious and it is difficult for them to pay attention

Speaking specifically of the latter, according to researchers, learning problems are caused by differences in the functioning of the brain and how it processes information. Children with learning disabilities are not "dumb " or " lazy." In fact, they generally have a level of average or above average intelligence.  The explanation is that their brains process information differently than most children.


There are at least 3 common categories:

1. Reading disabilities (dyslexia )

2. Written language disability (dysgraphia)

3. Mathematics learning disability (dyscalculia)

These diagnoses are not curable, but with the right assistance, individuals can learn to manage and achieve success in life.  If parents or teachers notice that a child has difficulty learning, request an evaluation to find out why and if it is determined that there is a need for special education, request it promptly.

When we confirm that we have a child who for medical reasons or genetic disabilities is disabled, they are entitled to receive additional support known as special education.

Here some types of disabilities:

Hearing impairment, which is the total loss of hearing.  Inherited or genetic causes are, unfortunately the most important and difficult to prevent, since problems may result from abnormal fetal and maternal calving causes, bacterial meningitis or high intensity noises.

Visual impairment, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), is one less vision of 20/ 400 or 0.05, always considering the better eye with best correction. It is considered to have legal blindness when vision is less than 20/ 200 or 0.1 in the better eye with best correction. This type of disability can be caused by accidents or illnesses that trigger glaucoma, cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, among others. You can always prevent visual disability if adequate care is taken during pregnancy and when there is family history of diseases of the eye.

Motor impairment, this is defined as a disorder of movement and posture due to a defect or lesion of the immature brain, preventing the movement of people , sometimes requiring special support such as braces, a cane, crutches , wheelchair or prosthesis .

This central motor impairment is frequently associated with impaired speech, vision and hearing, perception, degree of mental retardation and /or epilepsy.

It is difficult to detect a motor disability in children under 6 months, if the problem is minor and you have to take into account if there is a delay in the normal development for his age.   Sometimes the diagnosis is made until 18 months when the child should walk.  However, do not be alarmed if your child does not walk at this age; consider that children progress at their own pace.

In the next article we will write some tips for parents, once you know that your child requires special education.

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1 NICHCY. 2004.

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